CannaButter is a term used to commonly describe butter that has been infused with Marijuana. For most people, making weed butter might seem like a waste of good bud or too risky to pull-off. Maybe you might think your cannabis cooking skills are not up to par and don’t want to risk the dank. Have no fear, this method is a super easy way to make cannabutter and get all the cannabinoids out of the herb with almost no waste.
But, first lets go over some of the basics of making cannabis butter. This will help you get a better understanding of the process taking place. You will need this knowledge for when ever baking or cooking with MJ, so pay attention. Ill make it quick.
- Decarboxylate – This is the process of taking raw cannabis and heating. This is a absolute must when ever making any form of edibles. Its the act of converting “inactive” cannabinoids to “active“, making it easier for your body to absorb and use at maximum potency.
- Decarboxylation – Happens when the plant material is heated at about 240 degrees.
- Cannabinoids are fat/oil soluble – You need to use an fat base when extracting cannabinoids from weed. This is why making butter is perfect for cooking. Alternatively you can use any edible oils from coconut butter to olive oil. THC will not stick to water.
So keep these in mind, cannabis must be heated to about 240 degrees to be active. Oil will absorb THC, CBD as well as all other cannabinoids.
Ok, so the first thing you will need to make weed butter is marijuana. That doesn’t mean it has to be the plant, you can make cannabutter with wax, oil, trimming or even stems. The method and potency will vary, here are a couple of example of what I mean.
Wax, oil and other extracts don’t need to be process. Because they have already been. We will get into the “how to ” with extracts further below.
Making butter from stems, trim and plant matter is all the same. The only difference will be in the end product’s potency and flavor. If you make butter from the buds, you will have a more potent butter than you would from stems.
Stems don’t contain as much THC as the leafs and buds. In order to get about the same results from stems, it would be about a 10:1 ration compared to buds. It would also produce a more bitter flavor.
Making Cannabutter From Weed
Enough chit-chat, lets make some butter!
For the sake of simplicity, I broke this down into seven simple steps. It may seem like a lot, but once you have made your first batch, you will be a pro.
#1 Decarboxylation – Pre heat your oven to 240 degrees. Lay a sheet of parchment paper on a baking sheet and spreed a thin layer of plant material on. Stick in the oven and bake for 30-40 minutes. Rotate the tray every now and again to ensure an even bake. Once dry and crumbly(not burnt), its ready.
#2 Boil – Fill a medium size saucepan about halfway with clean water and bring to a boil. Once boiling, drop your butter in and wait for it to melt
#3 Add the Marijuana – Now that your butter is completely melted, bring the temperature down below simmer and add the weed. At this point you want it to just be hot enough to keep the butter from becoming solid. Allow up to 3 hours for the oils to absorb the cannabinoids.
#4 Strain – Strain the mix by pouring it over a cheesecloth into another container.
#5 Squeeze – At this point you should have your plant material sitting on top of the cheesecloth, with the water and oil mix below. Carefully, remove the cloth and begin to squeeze out as much of the fluid as you can. Dis-guard the material once your confident you got all the juices out.
#6 Wait – You can now place it in the fridge It’s going to take a little bit of time for the mixture to cool and the oil to solidify.
#7 Done – Now you should have a layer of solid butter on top of the water. Run a butter knife along the inside edge of the container, freeing the butter. Drain the water and your left with some high grade, ready to use cannabutter!
Making Cannabutter From Wax or extracts
Making butter from Wax, oil, BHO or other extracts has a number of benefits over using plant material.
- Less labor
- Higher potency
- Easier to dose
- Make as needed
This process can be done in 3 steps, decarb, melt and mix.
#1 Decarb – Although its an extract you must still Decarboxylate the wax to make it active. This can be done by baking one a silicone tray at 250 degrees for 20 minutes. Or carefully by oven top on a frying pan.
I prefer the frying pan method because its way quicker, easier and you may only use the amount needed. The only issue maybe the possibility of burning.
#2 Melt the butter – It doesn’t really matter how you do it, just have your butter melted and ready to mix.
#3 Mix – Mix the two and you are ready to go!
You may have ran across a few cannabutter recipes that mention the use of soy lecithin. It is believed that you must use lecithin to increase the bio-availability of edibles. This may be true, I have made butter with and without and haven’t noticed a difference in potency. If you use marijuana for medical reasons, the use of lecithin maybe more helpful.
How to Dose?
You made your butter, but how much should you use? There really isn’t any true guide to dosing cannabutter because no two batches are the same. I usually try a small slither first, wait an hour than make a decision on dosing amount. The rule with edibles is always try a little first.
Whats is the butter to weed ratio?
When making cannabutter from weed, I usually use 4 sticks of butter per ounce of herb. This is good ratio for producing strong butter for cooking use.
What type of butter to use?
No salted is preferred, other than that you can use what ever you want. I cook with coconut oil, so thats what I use to make my butter.
How long can it be stored?
Cannabutter will stay good in the fridge for months. The risk of it going bad or losing potency is low if stored properly. Chances are you will use it all before it has any chance of going bad.
Can I use cannabutter for chocolates or candy?
Yep, you can! Once it is decarbed, you can use it for any edibles.